FPGA are field programmable gate arrays which allow the computer to be programmed outside of the manufacturer’s facility. This helps when a company purchases a computer and has to program it onsite after it is set up in the office.
But what can you practically use the FPGA’s for? After all, they are designed to help you program the computer chips that you have inside your computer to do what you want it to do. There are a lot of different FPGA applications that you can use it for including but not limited to Aerospace and Defense, Communications, Audio, Speech Recognition, and Consumer Electronics to name a few. Did you know that the Google calendar itself is an FPGA? There is a trivia question for you. You can also use FPGA in digital signal processing, random logic, ASIC prototypes, medical imaging, computer hardware emulation, voice recognition, cryptography, filtering and communication, and more.
Let us take a look at some in depth. You can use FPGAs in the space programs particularly in satellite technology. A satellite can last for up to ten years in outer space. Repairs and reprogramming or maintenance need to happen on that satellite. That would happen both on the ground and in outer space. The FPGA makes it possible to program the satellite to reconfigure its existing technology to do something new.
You can also buy Altera fpga to help AI (artificial intelligence) interact with the cloud application. This is used to help with facial and voice recognition on the smartphone that most of us have.
FPGA’s are also used in unmanned aerial vehicles. They help in providing support for moving target detection which helps in search and rescue. You program in a set of variables to determine a search area and the unmanned aerial vehicle will do the rest while sending you pictures of the area that it flies over giving the police a much-needed hand when someone goes missing in a terrain that is precarious to get to on foot.
FPGA’s could be used in surveillance camera audio component. The company programs the security camera to do a certain pattern of surveillance all the while recording both audio and visual information to save for the owner to see who was at their house. It could also be programmed to filter out certain information in order to have a clearer more concise picture and audio sound. This will help it pinpoint the sound and actually start to film in that area. Much like the motion activated camera or light, this program would allow store owners a little more security.
FPGA’s are also used in military applications in things such as unattended ground sensors. These sensors or designed to pick up information from the surrounding area and with the FPGA they can do that over a larger period of time and with more information safely without overloading the circuits.
Also, FPGA’s are used in the medical field in apparatuses like your MRI machine and your ultrasound. They use it in your CT scan and your x-ray scan. It is also used in your PET scan and other surgical systems.
All of this would not be possible without the FPGA and its evolutionary uses as we are learning more about how to use them. It is all good to know.